Essential oil from dill – step by step

Steam distillation using dill as an example

With the right still, it is very easy to make essential oils and hydrosols yourself. The extraction of essential oil from dill tips is shown here using the LEONARDO® CLASSIC still. Because of the low oil content of the dill tips, the LEONARDO® is very well suited for this.
You can magnify the pictures by clicking or tapping on them.

Preparation of the plant

coarsely cut dillweed
Dill (Anethum graveolens) in full bloom.
The entire herb was harvested on a sunny day at around 1:00 p.m., because that is when this plant has the maximum oil content

finely chopped dill
The cut herb after removing the stalks.

dill hydrosol and dill oil
For the maximum oil yield, crush the herb as well as possible using a food processor.
Quantity: 1.094 kg

Filling the still

Inserting the steamer basket into the LEONARDO® Classic still
Put 1 liter of water in the LEONARDO® still …

LEONARDO® Classic in operation
… insert the flavor basket …

filling the LEONARDO® Classic
… put the kettle together and …

pouring water into the LEONARDO® Classic
… fill with the herb (1.094 kg).

Oil distillation

assembling the LEONARDO® Classic
After putting on the cooler and filling it with the cooling water, put the hydrosol bottle underneath and switch on the heater.

dill oil layer at the top of the hydrosol
After 35 – 40 minutes (at 1500 W heating power), the first two hydrosol bottles (0.2 l) will be full. The essential oil collects in the neck of the bottle and the hydrosol (water enriched with essential oil) beneath.

Essential oil yield

dillweed in the garden

Essential oil:
First bottle:
1,0 ml
Second bottle:
0,1 ml
1,1 ml
Hydrosol: approx. 0.5 l

Yield of dill tips oil: 1.1 / 1094 * 100 = approx. 0.10%
(estimated value, because density was not taken into account)

Oil yield for other plants (examples):

Lavender blossoms: 24 ml
Fennel seeds: 31 ml
Eucalyptus leaves: 14 ml
Mint: 7.2 ml
Bay leaves: 12 ml
Bergamot (Monarda): 7.5 ml

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